Aaronsohn, Sarah (1890-1917) - A Romanian born Jewish botanist who worked with her brother Aaron in Palestine and Transjordan. They collected plants throughout the area and while exploring Mount Hermon they rediscovered wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides, a species used by ancient civilisations, but lost to modern agriculture. The  plants  they found is the progenitor of modern wheat. During World War I she and her brother were Zionist spies (NILI) for the British. Their information on water resources in the desert and other military intelligence, enabled General Allenby to mount  a surprise attack on Turkish forces at Beersheba. In 1917 she was captured by Ottoman counter intelligence and committed suicide after 3 days of torture.